Condensed Matter Physics: from Hard Matter to Soft Matter Speaker
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  • Condensed Matter Physics: from Hard Matter to Soft Matter Speaker

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Phys./Mat.  Seminar

Speaker:         Ozan S. Sarıyer, Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Title:               Condensed Matter Physics: from Hard Matter to Soft Matter Speaker

Date/Time:      Dec. 25, 2012 Tuesday @ 15:40

Place:             Sabanci University,  FENS 2072


Contemporary condensed matter physics is broadly divided into two subfields, namely hard and soft matter physics, based on the nature of materials of concern. From hard to soft matter, the length scale of organization increases, while the energetic cost of destroying order decreases. Yet the same practices of statistical mechanics apply to both subfields, since the macroscopic materials, whether it is a piece of metal or rubber, constitute many degrees of freedom in both cases. In this talk, I will present three distinct condensed matter phenomena ranging from hard to soft matter, with larger emphasis on the latter. For each problem, a separate set of tools of statistical mechanics is used. (i) In the hard matter limit, by using renormalization-group theoretical approach, we obtained the spinless Falicov-Kimball model global phase diagram [1], including four charge-ordered phases and exhibiting a very rich topology. (ii) In the overlapping field from hard to soft matter, we investigated the dissipative loss in the three-dimensional ±J Ising spin-glass [2] through scaling of the hysteresis area by means of frustration-conserving hard-spin mean-field theory. We are planning to make use of this approach in microscopic magnetic recording applications, especially in thin films. (iii) As the main part of the talk, I will explain the microscopic model we developed for elasticity of entangled polymer networks [3], a good example of soft matter systems. Our approach can be used to model dry rubber, in which case we obtained excellent comparison with experimental and simulation data, as well as to model swollen gels that can undergo volume change upon deformation.
[1] O. S. Sarıyer, M. Hinczewski, and A. N. Berker, Phys. Rev. B 84 (20) 205120 (2011).
[2] O. S. Sarıyer, A. Kabakçıoğlu, and A. N. Berker, Phys. Rev. E 86 (4) 041107 (2012).
[3] O. S. Sarıyer, S. Panyukov, and M. Rubinstein, APS March Meeting 2012 57 (1), Q45.4 (2012).

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